Do you have pain in your hip? Has it been bothering you for a while now? Are you an athlete? Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI), otherwise known as ‘Hip’ impingement, is an abnormal bone growth which develops around the hip joint. This extra bone can cause abnormal contact and friction preventing the joint from moving smoothly and freely during activity. Hip impingement is usually without symptoms for many years. After a while, stiffness and pain in the groin, or front of the thigh, may be felt and is often the first symptom to present.
It is believed that the average person may develop ‘bumps’ around the head of the femur, (thigh bone) or around the socket itself. These symptoms could potentially result in FAI. The depth of the sockets may also be a factor, due to how people are structurally built and their individual bone development. There is a correlation between a high volume of impact activities during adolescence and the occurrence of FAI. Multiple studies have found a high prevalence of FAI in elite football, ice hockey, basketball and soccer players.
Common symptoms may include:
- Pain in or around the hip and groin, this pain will come and go with certain activities, increasing in frequency overtime.
- Hip pain which increases during physical activity or long periods of sitting.
- Stiffness in the hip.
- Pain may also be reported in the thigh, back or buttock.
What Can I Do About It?
There are multiple types of hip impingement, as well as the accompanying symptoms. Your practitioner will conduct a thorough assessment, to determine your specific condition. By observing how you walk, analysing your posture and performing specific joint assessments, they are able to determine which muscles are contributing to this issue. Regions above and below the hip will also be assessed as these can be contributing to the condition. In some cases it is beneficial to have a scan to specifically determine what is occurring in the hip joint, so the correct and appropriate treatment may be applied.
Treatment methods may consist of:
- Soft tissue massage
- Dry needling
- Contract/relax stretching
- Joint mobilisation
- Corrective exercises
FAI can be treated with Myotherapy, Physiotherapy and Exercise Physiology. We would love to be a part of your journey to provide you with pain relief and allow you to get back to the activities you love. Call 03 9894 2463 and book a hip assessment with one of our team!